The noble Guidi family’s Roccaccia – their defensive castle – still dominates the higher part of the town around Piazza Pretorio. For almost five hundred years, the Counts Guidi were known for their castle which has become the emblem of Modigliana. On the 2nd of August, 1377, Modigliana was taken under the protection of Florence by a special decree and remained in its protectorate for 5 centuries, until the Unification of Italy in the late 19th century. It was the capital of the so-called ‘Tuscan Romagna’.
From Modigliana there are three valleys that climb up the Apennines: Ibola, Tramazzo and Acereta.
Here the soils are characterized by sedimentary rocks called marls and sandstones. Marl – a sedimentary rock formed of clay and sandstone – crumbles when exposed to the atmosphere. Sandstone soils – known as arenarie in Italian – are made of sand impacted with limescale; they crumble and give the valleys its distinctively poor, sandy soils. These soils give the wines finesse and elegance, austerity and longevity, especially on wines produced with purely Sangiovese.